Genital Condyloma (Wart)
HPV virus settles on the penis in men and in the reservoir, external genitalia and the cervix in woman. As with many virus diseases, the HPV virus settles into the cells when it enters the body and creates lesions called genital warts or condyloma, which may recur from time to time with exacerbations. The tendency of recurrence often depresses the patient’s morale. The virus first appears on the skin in the form of a puffy, painless acne. These bubbles can last for many years, and in time they can take the appearance of cauliflower. Although the warts that develop in the external genitals do not cause any harm other than infectiousness and aesthetic appearance, the microbe settling in the cervix is important in terms of causing cervical cancer. 98% of cervical cancers (cervical cancer) are associated with this virus. HPV does not cause genital warts only. This virus has more than 100 different subgroups and some of these groups are known to cause cervical cancer. Some types may cause anus cancer. Not every type of HPV causes condyloma or cancer. In fact, most infections are passed without symptoms. The person’s immune system can cope with this virus and the disease is neutralized without symptoms. The person can live for years without any complaints. However, this does not prevent him from spreading the disease and can infect the people with whom he is involved. This is called silent infection. People who carry the HPV virus, which causes genital warts, without any symptoms, are called “carriers”. The incubation period is not specified. Findings may occur months or years after contact with the virus. Most of the patients will show signs within 1-6 months. Genital wart is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Viruses that infect the sexual region are easily spread by contact. It is not necessarily a complete relationship for the genital wart to spread from one person to another. Disease can also be transmitted by contact of infected skin areas. It can also be transmitted frequently by young people without any complete sexual intercourse just like frictional relation. Infections can be transmitted by sexual intercourse with an individual with genital HPV disease. The virus is transmitted from the skin to the skin by means of microscopic tears and abrasions. Detection of the virus in the male menum also suggests that it can be transmitted through contact with body fluids. Infections were not detected in all of the patients who were infected with the virus, but it was found that the majority of the individuals who developed condyloma were viruses in their partners. The virus can remain silent for many years after entering the body. It can be seen in anyone who is sexually active.
Diagnosis of warts in external genitalia is made by looking at the appearance. The diagnosis of cervical cancers is made by the pathological examination of the swab specimen taken from the cervix. This is called the smear test. Women are advised to take this test every year as the virus may be associated with pre-cancerous changes. Infection findings are not seen in all persons who come into contact with the virus, but 60-90% of the individuals who are exposed to condyloma were found to have viruses in their partners. The virus can remain silent for many years after entering the body. It can be seen in all those who are sexually active, and many sexually active people may be carriers for the HPV virus.
There is no effective treatment for the disease. Even if the blisters are removed with the so-called freezing or burning, the disease may recur. As with other infections in the treatment of HPV, there is no definitive treatment for oral medication, cream or vaccine today. When the virus enters the body once a year, depending on the power of the immune system and the power of the virus, depending on the virus type for some years, depending on the type of virus 3-5 years. In the absence of treatment, the warts may remain for a long time without any change, but their behavior is very rare. In general, there is a constant tendency to grow and spread. This growth is faster if there is another vaginal infection with the condyloma. Mostly, it spreads towards the humid and hot areas of the body. If abnormal blisters are seen with abnormal color and shape changes around the vagina and the breech, if there is itching, burning and bleeding in the genital area, if there is condyloma in the partner or if it has been before, it is absolutely necessary to undergo a gynecological examination. Condyloma, genital warts, is definitely a disease that should not be ignored and should not be underestimated. With the treatment, it is not possible to destroy the virus immediately, after the warts have passed, it sometimes takes years for the virus to move away from the body, but it is possible to get rid of the warts immediately. Treatment eliminates warts only and stops the spreading of the virus, which is fast, due to the virus. In many cases, there is not enough treatment for at least 2-3 sessions.